French, Italian captives freed with top politician in Mali

Published: 9 October 2020

Post Desk : An elderly French aid worker and a top Malian politician landed in the capital Bamako to an emotional reunion with their loved ones after being released from captivity by presumed jihadists.

Mali announced the release of Frenchwoman Sophie Petronin, 75, and Malian
politician Soumaila Cisse on Thursday, alongside two Italian nationals.

French President Emmanuel Macron voiced “immense relief” at the release of
Petronin, and tweeted Friday that he would welcome her back to France.

Footage shared on social media showed a frail, white-robed Petronin — who
was the last French citizen held hostage in the world — descending from a
plane, to an emotional greeting from her son in Bamako.

Cisse, dressed in a white robe, followed her and was also embraced by loved
ones before returning home to be greeted by cheering crowds.

“It was a difficult period, but it has been overcome,” the 70-year-old told

In his tweet, Macron also expressed continued support for Mali in its fight
against an Islamist insurgency.

News of the hostages’ release on Thursday came after the government freed
over 100 prisoners over the weekend, which sparked speculation of a prisoner
swap for Petronin and Cisse.

In an unexpected development, the prime minister’s office also announced
Thursday that two Italian nationals, Nicola Chiacchio and Pier Luigi
Maccalli, had been freed.

It was not immediately clear whether the two had arrived in Bamako on the
same flight.

Petronin was abducted by gunmen on December 24, 2016, in the northern city
of Gao, where she worked for a children’s charity.

Cisse, a former opposition leader and three-time presidential candidate,
was kidnapped on March 25 while campaigning in his home region of Niafounke,
central Mali, ahead of parliamentary elections.

Maccalli, a priest, was abducted in neighbouring Niger in 2018. Chiacchio
went missing in northern Mali last year while on a solo bicycle trip,
according to Italian media.

-‘Emaciated and fatigued’-

Italy’s Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte, Defence Minister Lorenzo Guerini and
Foreign Minister Luigi Di Maio all hailed the release of the Italians who Di
Maio said were well.

Conte thanked the intelligence services and the foreign office.

There were concerns about Petronin’s health after a 2018 hostage video
showed her looking emaciated.

The footage triggered alarm among Petronin’s family members, who pressured
Macron to negotiate with her captors.

France’s president several times said his services were working
“tirelessly” for her release.

“To her family, to her loved ones, I send a message of sympathy,” Macron
tweeted Thursday, adding: “The fight against terrorism in the Sahel

Mali’s former colonial power France has 5,100 soldiers deployed across the
Sahel as part of its anti-jihadist Operation Barkhane.

After first emerging in northern Mali in 2012, a brutal jihadist insurgency
has spread to the centre of the country as well as Burkina Faso and Niger.

Thousands of soldiers and civilians have died in the conflict and hundreds
of thousands have been displaced. Kidnappings are also common.

-‘We had to’-

Mali’s government on Thursday gave no indication of the circumstances of
the hostages’ release.

One of the hostage negotiators, who requested anonymity, told AFP that the
talks remained difficult to the end.

On Thursday, Mali’s prime minister’s office said the four hostages had been
held by the Group to Support Islam and Muslims (GSIM).

The alliance comprises several jihadist groups aligned to al-Qaeda, and has
claimed responsibility for some of the biggest attacks in the Sahel.

Mali released over 100 prisoners to the volatile centre of the country over
the weekend and in northern Tessalit town, a security official told AFP this

Malian officials who requested anonymity cast the prisoners as jihadists.

The rare mass release sparked immediate speculation on social media of an
exchange. Both the Malian and French governments declined to comment over the
following days.

There had been little or no discussion over the Italian hostages, however,
whose freedom came as a surprise.

The prisoner release came with an interim government due to govern Mali for
18 months before staging elections after a military junta overthrew president
Ibrahim Boubacar Keita in August.

The kidnapping of former opposition leader Cisse was one of the factors
that fuelled popular protests which led to the ouster of Keita over his
perceived inability to crush the Islamist insurgency.

The intermediary involved in the negotiations told AFP on Thursday that
releasing the prisoners was necessary.

“Yes, terrorists were released,” he said. “We had to obtain the release,”
he added.

Several other hostages remain detained by militant groups in the Sahel.